ERIC Number: ED038291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Multiplication and Division With Whole Numbers, Set B, Using Research: A Key to Elementary School Mathematics.
Suydam, Marilyn N.; Weaver, J. Fred
This paper reports on the answers indicated by research studies to nine questions concerning the teaching of multiplication and division. (1) Should multiplication facts be memorized? Answer: Yes, at an appropriate time. (2) How should multiplication be conceptualized? Answer: Normally addition of equal addends; sometimes arrays or Cartesian-product. (3) Is distributivity important? Answer: Yes, for comprehension, transfer and retention. (4) What other approaches work? Answer: Inductive. (5) What aids advanced work? Answer: Knowledge of multiplication properties. (6) How does the difficulty level change in division? Answer: No conclusion. (7) Which division algorithm should be used? Answer: No conclusion. (8) How should quotient digits be estimated? Answer: No conclusion. (9) How are measurement and partition situations associated with division? Answer: Subtractive algorithm with measurement, distributive with partition; partition problems generally more difficult. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Center for Cooperative Research with Schools.