ERIC Number: ED038243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
What is Reading Comprehension and How Should it be Measured?
Carver, Ronald P.
Four conceptually different variables in reading: (1) knowledge gained (new information), (2) amount comprehended (degree of understanding), (3) reading aptitude (differences between individuals), and (4) reading improvement (within individual changes as a result of treatment) are discussed. Existing measures of reading comprehension are evaluated in terms of their potential for measuring these variables. It was concluded that most commercially available reading comprehension tests and the exact scoring cloze technique were inadequate measures or indicants of knowledge gained, amount comprehended, or reading improvement and should be regarded and used as measures of reading aptitude only. The Tinker Speed of Reading Test was recommended as a measure of reading improvement and reading aptitude. The Carver-Darby Chunked Reading Test which was designed and developed to measure the changes that take place as a result of reading was described and recommended as a standardized indicant of knowledge gained, amount comprehended, reading aptitude, and reading improvement. Tables and references are included. (WB)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Test Construction, Test Interpretation, Test Reliability, Test Selection, Test Validity, Testing Problems
Nineteenth National Reading Conference Yearbook
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 4-6, 1969