ERIC Number: ED038186
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-6
Reference Count: N/A
Conditional Logic and Primary Children.
Ennis, Robert H.
Conditional logic, as interpreted in this paper, means deductive logic characterized by "if-then" statements. This study sought to investigate the knowledge of conditional logic possessed by primary children and to test their readiness to learn such concepts. Ninety students were designated the experimental group and participated in a 15-week program of weekly audio-tutorial lessons in conditional logic. 87 pupils were in a control group. A measure of verbal intelligence, and information about socioeconomic status, and rural, suburban, or urban dwelling areas were collected from both groups. At the end of the 15 weeks, the Smith-Sturgeon Conditional Reasoning Test was administered to both groups to assess the effects of the lessons. There was no significant intergroup difference. Therefore, although the experimental method did not effectively teach conditional logic, many of the children had already mastered it even though they were well below the age of 11 to 12 which Piaget considered necessary for mastery. Conditional logic ability was found to be significantly related to verbal intelligence and socioeconomic status, but not to sex. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York State Education Dept., Albany.; State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture at Cornell Univ.
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.