ERIC Number: ED038183
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-5
Reference Count: N/A
Teacher Expectancy or My Fair Lady.
Fleming, Elyse S.; Anttonen, Ralph C.
This study examined the effects of teacher expectancy on changes in intelligence, known as the phenomenon of the self-fulfilling prophecy. Differences in sex, socioeconomic status, and teacher opinion about standardized tests were control factors. The teachers completed a questionnaire that provided the basis for classifying teachers into high, middle, and low opinion groups with regard to the value they placed upon the usefulness of intelligence tests. A total of 859 second grade students in 39 classes, with high and low poverty backgrounds, were randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions. Teachers were provided with one of four kinds of test information for each group: (1) Kuhlmann-Anderson IQ reported as tested, (2) IQs inflated by 16 points, (3) Primary Mental Abilities percentiles, and (4) intelligence test information withheld entirely. Following re-testing several months later, teachers were asked to assess IQ accuracy for each child. No significant IQ differences were found among the four treatment groups or between sexes. There were significant differences between teacher opinion, socioeconomic status, and for the interaction of teacher opinion and socioeconomic status. The study failed to support a generalized self-fulfilling prophecy. (Author/DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH.