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ERIC Number: ED037828
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Dec
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation Perspectives: 1968.
Pace, C. Robert
The term "evaluation" emerged in the 1930's to describe a broader and somewhat more pragmatic type of inquiry than had been associated with the word "measurement." Examples suggest two main lines of development: (1) An emphasis on the specification of objectives and their attainment, and (2) an emphasis on evaluation as a cooperative process conducted in a manner designed to facilitate change and improvement. Both these emphases put evaluation and the evaluator in the role of reformer. In recent years a more neutral scientific emphasis has been emerging. An analysis of different evaluation models indicates that the standard experimental design model is usally applicable if the unit to be evaluated is small in size, limited in scope, and short in time. When the unit to be evaluated is large, complex, and of long duration, a different model is necessary--one that considers a broad range of social and educational consequences, is not limited to an appraisal of program objectives, considers a variety of contextual variables, and requires complex multivariate methods of data analysis. For these larger problems, the evaluator's role is that of a neutral social scientist, and the intended result of evaluation is the provision of more complex bases for informed judgment. (Author/JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.