ERIC Number: ED037691
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Planned Cultural Borrowing for National Development: An Analysis of the Egyptian Experience and a Theoretical Basis for Action.
Gohar, Salah El-Din A.
The study proposed to answer, for Egypt as an example of contemporary developing nations, the major question of "how to facilitate a rational, diversified, and effective multi-source cultural borrowing by a developing country." Planned cultural borrowing was defended on the basis of four factors: the reduction of probability of initial failure of novel ideas: the provisions of material and moral support for the diffusion of acceptable innovations; minimizing frustrations likely to develop as a result of rising aspirations without adequate fulfillment of human wants; and protecting the society and the innovative enterprise. A conceptual model of the process of planned cultural borrowing was proposed and the following stages were identified: the setting of objectives, exposure to foreign cultures, pooling new ideas and innovations, screening the borrowed ideas and innovations, experimentation, diffusion and integration, and evaluation. The study provided a detailed description of a proposed organization for planned cultural borrowing for the United Arab Republic. Given the political and administrative structures of the UAR's government, it was proposed that the organization for planned cultural borrowing would best serve its objectives if it takes the form of a special council attached to the Presidency. (Author/NL)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Adoption (Ideas), Behavior, Cultural Exchange, Culture Contact, Developing Nations, Diffusion, Doctoral Dissertations, Experiments, Innovation, National Programs, Objectives, Program Descriptions
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106 (Order No. 69-20,863, MF $3.90, Xerography $13.75)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.