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ERIC Number: ED037411
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Congruence and Personality. A Normative Study of Counsellors and Teachers in Training, Priests, High School Students and Army Officer Cadets.
Eberlein, Larry; And Others
A study was conducted to obtain normative data on self concept (S) and ideal-self concept (I) congruence for the Interpersonal Check List (ICL) (Leary, 1957) and to examine differences in self concept, ideal-self concept, and S-I congruence between a variety of groups with different functional roles. The ICL was administered to a sample consisting of five groups: 121 graduate counselor trainees, 307 senior teachers-in-training, 25 priests, 67 high school students, and 64 army officer cadets. T tests were used to determine whether significant differences existed between discrepancy scores of males and females within groups. To determine whether overall differences between groups were significant, a one-way analysis of variance was used. The priest group obtained highest mean S-I discrepancy scores and therefore were least congruent. Counselor trainees and army officers were most congruent, differing significantly from priests. Counselor trainees were significantly more congruent then teacher trainees and high school students. Group S-I discrepancies on the 16 individual dimensions (interpersonal variables) were also calculated. Findings support the idea that there are conceptual similarities between vocational interest and personality and that vocational choice is the implementation of self concept and self-regard. (Implications are discussed. Normative data for the ICL self and ideal-self concepts is appended.) (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A