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ERIC Number: ED037368
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Reasoning About Observations, 1st Experimental Edition.
Butts, David P.
The emphasis of this instructional module is inductive reasoning, using the concept of graphing as a convenient means to record observations for subsequent mental operations. Performance objectives are: (1) construct a prediction from a point graph by applying the rules of extrapolation and interpolation; (2) demonstrate a test of prediction; (3) order a set of predictions or inferences based on a level of confidence; (4) construct inferences from a set of observations and identify which observations support the inference; (5) demonstrate a test for an inference by describing what additional observations are needed; and (6) given a set of observations, describe alternative inferences and distinguish between the certainty of these inferences. The general pattern of this module is one of presenting the situation with as little instructor-direction as possible. After the participant has generated data, then the sequence provides illustrations of how the instruments could guide the discussion toward a meaningful interpretation of the data gathered. The format includes: materials needed, suggested time period for each activity, pre-appraisal, activities, and post-appraisal. Because of the diagnostic data available in the pre-appraisal experience, it is possible to determine which instruction sequence appears to be most appropriate for which student. (BR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Research and Development Center for Teacher Education.; Texas Univ., Austin. Science Education Center.