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ERIC Number: ED037322
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr-19
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The School Year and Vacations: When Do Students Learn?
Hayes, Donald P.; Grether, Judith
A detailed analysis was made of 600,000 New York City school children in grades 2 through 6 to ascertain the effects of nonschool periods (vacations) on reading and word knowledge. The Metropolitan Achievement Test was administered to the children in September and April of 2 school years, 1965-1966 and 1966-1967. The schools involved were divided into six analysis subsets according to racial and economic composition. Statistics on reading achievement showed a gap of up to 2.7 years between ghetto schools and relatively rich schools between the second and sixth grades. For word knowledge there was a 2.8-year gap by the end of the sixth grade for the same type schools. The statistics showed that half or more of the differentials in reading and word knowledge achievement were associated with the months the children were out of school. The study suggests that perhaps the formal jurisdiction of the school authorities may prove to be too narrow for the responsibility of developing the reading and vocabulary skills. References are included. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Eastern Sociological Association Convention, New York, April 19, 1969