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ERIC Number: ED037238
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 81
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Ecological Study of Three-Year-Olds at Home. Final Report.
Schoggen, Maxine
DARCEE Reports and Papers (George Peabody Coll. for Teachers), v3 n7 1969
The purpose of this study was to generate a library of 198 specimen records of the behavior of 24 3-year-old children in different socioeconomic environments: low income urban, low income rural, and middle income urban. (A specimen record provides a continuous narrative in natural language of the behavior of an individual together with the environmental context of that behavior.) Following a period of adaptation visits, each child was observed at home for 40-50 minutes from seven to 10 times. The specimen records for each observation were divided into Environmental Force Units, defined as a goal-directed activity initiated by another person (agent) in the child's environment. (For example, one unit might consist of the mother, or agent, telling the child to put on shoes and socks.) The rate of Environmental Force Units per minute for each child was figured, and analysis showed that middle urban children had the highest mean rates. The percent of units in which the mother acted as an agent was determined, and middle urban mothers had the highest percentage. Appendixes include a typical observer's log of visits and a specimen record of a low income rural child. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Educational Labs.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Demonstration and Research Center for Early Education.