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ERIC Number: ED037235
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jul-17
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Making of a Pupil: Changing Children into School Children.
Anderson, Scarvia B.
Educators have rationalized the traditional school starting age of 6 by saying that children have by then normally acquired sufficient muscular control and language ability to begin reading instruction. When it became apparent that many children did not begin to read at the supposedly proper time, further rationalizations developed concerning readiness and testing for readiness. This paper reports an Educational Testing Service study of attitudes toward readiness. A national sample of 250 first grade teachers judged the readiness of 7000 pupils, and indicated that only 60% of the children were ready for first grade in all or most respects. Teachers cited intellectual factors over nonintellectual factors 3 to 2. A committee of child development experts assessed major developmental areas (sensory/motor, cognitive/intellectual, and social/personal) in terms of readiness and judged each area equally important. A second committee considered preschool objectives and added moral judgment and moral conduct to factors the other groups had felt were important. A fresh look should be taken at the purposes of early education and at the school starting age. Emphasis should be on fitting the school to the individual child, rather than the child to the school. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Susan Colver Rosenberg Lecture, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, July 17, 1968