ERIC Number: ED037233
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Intra-Family Diffusion of Selected Cognitive Skills as a Function of Educational Stimulation.
Gilmer, Barbara R.
DARCEE Papers and Reports (George Peabody College for Teachers), v3 n1 1969
In order to investigate diffusion effects within families involved in an intervention program, 80 disadvantaged children were divided into four groups, three of which were made up of younger siblings of preschool children in the intervention program. In two of these three groups, the mother was also involved in the program. The fourth group was for control. The diffusion effects studied were those that related to concepts (defined as knowledge that can be shown by matching, recognition, or identification behavior). The measurement instrument was the Basic Concept Test, whose content was drawn from the curriculum material used in the intervention program. It was hypothesized that the two groups having both sibling and maternal involvement would show greater conceptual development, and that these groups would also have the information necessary to recognize and identify the test stimuli. Results from Orthogonal Comparisons supported both the hypotheses. Superior performance by the maternal involvement groups was recognized as a manifestation of a level of conceptual development directly associated with intra-family diffusion effects. Maximum intervention effects appear to result when mothers are involved in a program and vertical diffusion affects the younger siblings of children in the program. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Demonstration and Research Center for Early Education.