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ERIC Number: ED036836
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Changing Attitudes in Underprivileged Adolescents Participating in Group Psychotherapy.
Fraknoi, Julia
Group psychotherapy was used with socio-economically deprived adolescents whose capacity for self-expression was promising. Non-psychotic acting out characters and passive inadequate personalities participated, and discussion, role playing, and psychodrama were the techniques utilized. After one year the following changes were seen: (1) increased reliance on verbalization as an alternative to action; (2) a beginning awareness that rigid attitudes can be modified; (3) increased trust toward the therapists, (4) growing interest and consideration toward group members; (5) increased self-respect; and (6) more realistic super-ego attitudes. Various behavioral manifestations and changing attitudes gave rise to some theoretical constructs regarding dynamic configurations and therapeutic results. It was presumed that passivity as well as destructive acting out behavior can be explained on the basis of a negative self-image defended against either by denial (of the need for or loss of gratification) and identication (with the aggressive "bad" introject or with the weak "good" introject. Therapeutic intervention amid at strengthening the "good" introject and weakening the "bad" introject resulted in the modification of the defense configuration and the liberation of mental energies formerly unavailable for constructive purposes. (RSM/Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the World Mental Health Assembly, Washington, D. C. November 17-21, 1969