ERIC Number: ED036616
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Occupational Choice: A Review of the Literature with Special Reference to Science and Technology. Science Policy Studies No. 2.
Butler, J. R.
This review deals mainly with British studies and is focused on choice of scientific and technological occupations. Two basic influences on occupational choice are discussed: (1) the acquisition and development of the individual's personal traits, and (2) his environment--school, family, economic and social position. Evidence indicates that children from different social groups have unequal opportunity of gaining admission to a grammar school, of successfully completing a grammar school course, and of starting a course of higher education. An American study suggests that differential opportunity may remain even under a battery of controls. The full effect of these processes on the recruitment of scientists and technologists has not been systematically investigated. (CH)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Career Choice, Economic Factors, Educational Background, Environmental Influences, Foreign Countries, Literature Reviews, Personality Development, Scientific Personnel, Social Influences, Technical Occupations, Vocational Interests
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Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Manchester Univ. (England).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)