ERIC Number: ED036578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Comparative Study of the Self-Perceptions of Disadvantaged Children in Elementary and Secondary Schools.
Soares, Anthony T.; Soares, Louise M.
The study tested hypotheses predicting significant differences between the self-perception scores of: (1) disadvantaged children in an urban neighborhood elementary school and disadvantaged high school students; (2) disadvantaged girls and boys; and, (3), within each sex, disadvantaged elementary school and high school students. All the students in grades four, five, and six of an urban elementary school situated in a disadvantaged urban area were included--a total of 122 (70 boys and 52 girls). A sample of 100 disadvantaged high school students, 60 boys and 40 girls, was randomly selected from one of the city's three high schools. To obtain their self perception scores, 40 bi-polar traits, expressed in sentence form, were given to all of the 222 subjects. An index score was obtained for their self concept. An analysis of variance revealed a significant difference between the scores of the elementary school children and the high school students--whether with the school taken as a whole, in interaction of school and sex, or in the interaction of school, sex, and grade. The interpretation of these results centers upon expectation level and social reinforcement theory. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document.] (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., September 1969