ERIC Number: ED036511
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
The Persistence of the Recitation: A Review of Observational Studies of Teacher Questioning Behavior. Occasional Paper Series, Number 3.
Hoetker, James; Ahlbrand, William P., Jr.
This report presents a chronological review (1893 to 1963) of formal and informal classroom observational studies which, in examining the use of recitation as a pedagogical method, show that teachers talk during the majority of classroom time, asking or reacting to factual questions posed to students. Included is a brief discussion of Arno Bellack's research, in 11th-grade social studies classrooms, of the verbal behavior of teachers and pupils, and a summary of his formulation of "rules of the classroom language game." A table is provided comparing Bellack's results with the findings of a similar classroom study by Hoetker. (MF)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Classroom Observation Techniques, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Educational History, Questioning Techniques, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Education, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Role, Teaching Methods, Teaching Skills, Teaching Styles, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Ann, MO.