ERIC Number: ED036470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Simulation in Preparing School Personnel.
Cruickshank, Donald R.; Broadbent, Frank W.
The purpose of this state-of-the-art paper is to provide an overview of simulation ("a representation of several variables in the same arrangement as they occur in a particular natural or artificial system"), particularly as it relates to the professional preparation of school personnel. After distinguishing between "simulation" and "simulation games" (the primary, although admittedly tenuous, distinction being that the latter usually involves interpersonal or team competition), the authors summarize simulation-based practice and theory under the following headings: (1) the design and development of instructional simulation in professional education, (2) the uses of instructional simulation in professional education (which includes both general uses and specific examples), (3) some issues to be resolved (which identified 11 controversial areas), (4) advantages of simulation, (5) disadvantages of simulation, and (6) questions in need of research. Underlying the presentation is the recognition that, although the use of simulation as a training methodology is becoming increasingly widespread and has considerable educational potential if properly designed, utilized, and evaluated, a great deal of research remains to be done if the effectiveness of the technique is to be empirically validated and educationally proven. A 130-item bibliography is included. (JES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Teacher Education, Washington, DC.