ERIC Number: ED036414
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Lexical and Structural Items as Predictors of Readability for High and Low Ability Readers.
Jefferson, George L., Jr.
The cloze technique was used to investigate differences among subjects at different levels of reading difficulty and differences between levels of readability. In addition, differences among lexical, structural, and nth deletion cloze responses were studied. It was hypothesized that an interaction exists between type of deletion and levels of reading ability, that structural words or units are the best predictors of reading difficulty, and that structural deletion scores of poor readers are more consistent predictors of reading difficulty than are the structural deletion scores of better readers. Subjects were drawn from the entire population of grades 8 through 12 of a Georgia high school. The Sequential Tests of Educational Progress, 2A and 3A, were given to all subjects, followed in 2 weeks by a cloze test with the three deletion types. The three major variables of readability, reading ability, and deletion type were analyzed by analysis of variance. Significant differences (p .01) among deletion types were found. A significant interaction existed between deletion type and readability. Tables and references are included. (WB)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Cloze Procedure, High School Students, Prediction, Readability, Reading Comprehension, Reading Level, Reading Research, Statistical Studies
Nineteenth National Reading Conference Yearbook
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 4-6, 1969