ERIC Number: ED036405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Reading Comprehension of Materials Written with Select Oral Language Patterns: A Study at Grades 2 and 4.
Tatham, Susan Masland
To determine whether or not students in grades 2 and 4 comprehended materials written with patterns that appear frequently in their speech better than materials written with patterns that appear infrequently, two reading comprehension tests were devised by the investigator. Subjects were all second- and fourth-grade classrooms from two similar schools: 163 grade-2 students (81 girls, 82 boys) and 137 grade-4 students (69 girls, 68 boys). Test A used frequently occurring patterns from the oral language of second and fourth graders, and Test B used infrequently occurring patterns in the oral language of students from the same grades. Patterns were selected from Strickland's study (1962). Chi square and t tests were used to analyze the data. Results indicated (1) significantly more grade-2 and -4 students obtained higher scores on test A than on test B (P .001); (2) grade-4 students performed significantly better than grade-2 students on both tests (P .01); (3) in general, there were no significant sex differences on either test within or across grades. Tables, charts, and a bibliography are included. (Author/WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.