ERIC Number: ED036332
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Jan-13
Reference Count: N/A
Parental Behavior and Children's School Achievement: Implications for Head Start. Proceedings of the Head Start Research Seminars: Seminar No. 5, Intervention in Family Life (1st, Washington, D.C., January 13, 1969).
Hess, Robert D.; And Others
This document contains the three papers that comprised the Head Start Research Seminar No. 5 on Intervention in Family Life. The main thrust of this seminar is the investigation of family and parent characteristics that influence the academic performance of young children. Robert Hess, in the opening paper, summarizes the information available on the subject, reviews the evidence for social class and ethnic differences in parental behavior, sketches the conceptions of association between features of the society and cognitive development, and speculates on the implications of the above for Head Start. A summary of studies made from 1945 to 1969 of parental influences on children's academic achievement and cognitive behavior is included, with bibliography. The second paper, by Ira Gordon, comments on Hess' paper and expands on it. Gordon classifies the factors influencing child development as either demographic, parental-cognitive, or parental-emotional and discusses in detail several factors in each category. His investigation of these factors leads him to enunciate the idea of parent power in programs of education. In the final paper, Daniel Scheinfeld discusses the changes that must be made in parents and home life to insure more advantageous development for the children. In order for basic structural change to take place in the lives of disadvantaged families, the parents must become actively and effectively engaged with the environment. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.