ERIC Number: ED036313
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of the Manner in Which Young Children Process Intellectual Information. Final Report.
Laughlin, Patrick R.
In order to study the influence of the information-processing strategy of an adult model on the subsequent strategy of children, 216 grade school children solved modified twenty-questions problems. A repeated-measures factorial design was used with the following variables: (1) information-processing of model (hypothesis scanning, constraint seeking, or control), (2) stimulus display (pictorial or verbal), (3) school grade (three, five, or seven), (4) sex (male or female), (5) problems (2 per subject). Major results were: (1) fewer questions to solution with the constraint-seeking model than the hypothesis-testing model or control, who did not differ, (2) both a higher percentage of constraints, and higher average number of items per question with the constraint-seeking model than the control of hypothesis-testing model, and with the control than with the hypothesis-testing model, (3) both a higher percentage of constraints, and higher number of items per question, for seventh than fifth and third graders, and for fifth than third, (4) significant model by grade interactions for both percentage of constraints and items per question, (5) no effects for stimulus display, sex, or successive problems on any measure. [Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document]. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Loyola Univ., Chicago, IL.