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ERIC Number: ED035707
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
It's Either Brain Damage or No Father: The False Issue of Deficit Vs. Difference Models of Afro-American Behavior.
Valentine, Charles A.
The distorting notions of the deficit and different Afro-American subculture have led white psychologists and guidance counselors to diagnose incorrectly behavior aberrations in Black children. A case study of a Black child who was hastily diagnosed and institutionalized as brain damaged, retarded, and psychotic illustrates this point. A bicultural model, rather than the deficit oversimplified model, is a preferable conceptual framework. Educators and health specialists must not only recognize the legitimacy and creativity of ethnic subcultures, but also must recognize that Afro-Americans are already more conversant with and competent in the main stream culture than most non-Black Americans would realize. The bicultural conception calls attention to a kind of psychocultural adequacy in the Black community. Out of this could perhaps come the beginnings of a more realistic and humane basis for service institutions changing to provide for Afro-American needs and interests. (KG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented in part at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, D.C., September 1969