ERIC Number: ED035527
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec-4
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Practice and Learning Strategies on Speed of Scanning for Phrases in Meaningful Material.
Maxwell, Martha J.
This pilot study investigated (1) the extent scanning speed can be improved through practice, (2) the learning strategies students use in attempting to improve their scanning, and (3) differences between scanning rate for stimuli presented orally and visually. Subjects were advanced college students with average reading skills. Each subject was either auditorially or visually presented with one of three target phrases; then he was presented with 600-word passages with target phrases randomly embedded. Each subject was given 80 trials. The time required to find the target phrase and make the indicated response was recorded. At the end of each trial, the subjects reported the strategies they used. Trials in which the subject averaged .75 seconds per line or longer were scored as misses. All subjects tested improved their rate of scanning between initial and final sessions. No significant differences were found between scanning speeds and auditory and visual stimuli. Strategies used by students are listed. Diagrams, graphs, and references are included. (WB)
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, College Students, Learning Processes, Pilot Projects, Reading Improvement, Reading Rate, Reading Research, Reading Skills, Study Skills, Visual Stimuli
Nineteenth National Reading Conference Yearbook
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 4-6, 1969