ERIC Number: ED035446
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Classification and Inferential Thinking in Children of Varying Age and Social Class.
The consistently inferior performance of economically disadvantaged children led to this study designed to investigate how cognitive development changes with age and how it is affected by previous life experience. Classification behavior and inferential thinking were the main concerns of the study. The measurement instrument was the Matrix Test, a device that requires the child to select a picture to complete a row of pictures on the basis of the relationship established by the other pictures. The 44 items on the test can be seen as falling into one of four classes: Perceptual Matching, Class Membership, One-Way Classification, or Two-Way Classification. The subjects were 160 black lower class children (40 each from kindergarten and grades 1 through 3) and a similar group of white middle class children for comparison. Only a child's selection responses were recorded; no measure was made of the thought processes behind them. The measurable results showed no differences based on sex or the abstract-representational character of the stimuli. However, consistent differences between advantaged and disadvantaged children were found to be significant for all four classes of items. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Bank Street Coll. of Education, New York, NY.