ERIC Number: ED035032
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-May
Reference Count: 0
Evidence for Increasing Levels of Cynicism and Anxiety in College Freshman Classes.
Baker, Norma J.
To determine whether there has been a deterioration of idealism and a growth of anxiety and cynicism in college students, seven of the ten freshman classes entering the same college between 1959 and 1968 were administered either the Philosophies of Human Nature Scale (PHN), the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (TMA), or both during the first week on campus. Separate analysis of males and females in five classes between 1962-1968 indicated significant increases in more recent classes in regard to cynicism and distrust of human nature. Another major finding was an increase in overt anxiety. Explanations for these changes include: (1) greater exposure to impoverished environments, (2) increasing competition for grades to get into college, (3) schools possible emphasis on critical thinking, (4) television, and (5) accelerated rate of innovation. (KJ/Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN.
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, Washington, D.C., August 31--September 4, 1969