ERIC Number: ED035021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jun
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Social Interactions Which Lead to Decisions to Drop Out of High School. Final Report.
Dager, Edward Z.
The general objective of this study was to determine the nature and extent of reference group pressures on an individual's decision to drop out of school. A major hypothesis was that the impact of reference groups on this decision will be a function of the extent to which an individual identifies with that group. Consequently a major effort was made to determine the nature and extent of identification with the reference groups of family, peers, and school. Data were collected from 2,030 ninth, tenth, and eleventh graders in two Chicago high schools by use of an administered questionnaire. Results indicated that family influence could partially explain not dropping out, particularly if high family integration, strong identification with parents, or pro-education values held by parents are considered. Peer influence was also found to be important. If a student's friends place a relatively low value on education, he will be more likely to drop out. Teacher's values toward education was not found to be a meaningful variable. However, whether or not students identified with the teacher indicated some influence on students' behavior. (Author/KJ)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Research, Family Influence, Family (Sociological Unit), Group Dynamics, Group Membership, High School Students, Identification (Psychology), Individual Characteristics, Peer Groups, Personality, School Holding Power, Secondary School Students, Secondary Schools
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Purdue Research Foundation, Lafayette, IN.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.