ERIC Number: ED035015
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
Studies of Adolescents in the Secondary School. Report Number 6.
Sprinthall, Norman A.; Mosher, Ralph L.
This exploratory study of adolescents in three secondary schools focuses on an investigation of perceptions, attitudes, and motives toward school and toward learning decision-making styles and communication patterns. The schools deliberately represent different socio-economic backgrounds. A random sample of approximately 60 11th graders was selected from each school. Instruments included an interview schedule, a thematic apperception test depicting school scenes, an opinion survey, a questionnaire, a Q-sort and a decision-making interview schedule. Results indicated that the major differences in attitudes, perceptions, motives and decision-making styles were almost exclusively due to school differences, and not to sex. Urban school pupils viewed learning as passive obedience to teacher directives. Suburban pupils exhibited both the strongest hostility toward learning the strongest extrinsic motivation for studying, a trend most prevalent among the boys. In decision-making the suburban pupils tended to rely on directions from others but to a lesser extent than in the urban school. In the small private school, the pupils manifested intrinsic interest in learning, substantial self-direction decisions and a strong sense of personal independence. (Author)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Attitudes, Communication (Thought Transfer), Decision Making, Learning, Motivation, Perception, Private Schools, Secondary Schools, Socioeconomic Background, Student Characteristics, Students, Suburban Schools, Urban Schools
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Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Center for Research and Development in Educational Differences.