ERIC Number: ED034968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of Psychological Models for Speech Recognition.
Fodor, J. A.; And Others
Section I of this report discusses the theoretical issues relating to the development of syntax recognition routines based on psychological models of human speech recognition and reviews the relevant psychological literature. The research reported deals with attempts to relate various syntactic variables to measures of the perceptual complexity of sentences. Results indicate that (1) analysis by synthesis routines are probably not appropriate as models of the system employed by human speakers for speech recognition; (2) the complexity of sentences is not related in any direct way to the number of operations required by a grammar to produce them; and (3) both the lexical structure of verbs and the relation of certain other lexical formatives to transformational operations of the grammar are significantly related to the ease of understanding sentences. Section II deals with research on perceptual segmentation strategies speakers use in analyzing continuous speech. The report details the development of a particular investigative technique and its application in determining segmentation strategies. The research reported indicates that speech signals are initially analyzed into clause-like segments. The experiments reviewed explored the relationship between the constituent structure of sentences and this clause-like segmentation. (Author/FWB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computational Linguistics, Models, Perception, Psycholinguistics, Semantics, Sentences, Structural Analysis, Syntax, Transformational Generative Grammar
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD 669 360, MF $0.65, HC $3.00, prepayment requested)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Systems Command, L.G. Hanscom Field, MA. Electronic Systems Div.
Authoring Institution: Parent's School for Atypical Children, Chatham, MA.
Note: Report for September 1, 1965--August 31, 1967