ERIC Number: ED034762
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1960-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Wired for Sound: Teaching, Communications, and Technological Culture.
Ong, Walter J.
Because an English teacher's work involves communication at the highest level with the past, present, and future, he must be more sensitive than other men to changes in the communicative process. The communication approaches of the classical period, dialogue and argumentation, gave way to a more "manuscript culture" in the Middle Ages, and, by modern times, books had almost completely replaced oral communication. Today, however, communication by sound is enjoying a revitalization. This trend is illustrated in the new emphasis on spoken language, in the audio-visual resources available in libraries and homes, and in the enormous influence of radio and television. The heightening of the oral-aural element has subtly enlarged the personalist element in American culture. The TV discussion show, the emphasis on personality problems, and the perpetual search for personal identity reflect this self-conscious personalism. For language and literature study, the cultural change has shifted the focus from rhetoric back to dialogue and has underlined the importance of voice in human activities. To respond today to literature and culture, the teacher must seriously reflect on contemporary communications media. (LH)
Descriptors: Audiovisual Communications, Communication (Thought Transfer), Cultural Traits, English Instruction, Mass Media, Radio, Social Change, Social Characteristics, Social Influences, Speech Communication, Teaching, Television, Verbal Communication
National Council of Teachers of English, 508 South Sixth Street, Champaign, Ill. 61820 (Stock No. 10703, 10 for $2.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Reprinted from "College English," February 1960, and appears as Chapter 12 in Walter J. Ong, "The Barbarian Within" (New York: Macmillan, 1962)