ERIC Number: ED034756
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Mar
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Two Strategies in the Teaching of Literature in the Secondary School.
Hackett, Marie G.; And Others
The School Review, v76 n1 p67-83 Mar 1968
To determine if students learn better in a teaching situation that emphasizes their positive involvement and decreases the emotional threat to their self-esteem produced by the traditional question-answer approach, a study was conducted to compare the average achievement levels of two groups of literature students--one taught traditionally to produce convergent thinking, and one taught experimentally to produce divergent thinking. The subjects, 77 students in grade 12, were divided into two experimental and two control groups. Two teachers each taught one experimental and one control group. The subject of the week-long study was "Antigone." Students in the experimental group were encouraged to discuss the personal meanings, ideas, values, and judgments in the play. The control group was confined to answering lists of questions. All groups took an objective examination and wrote essays on the same subject at the end of the experiment. Findings showed that students in the experimental group, which emphasized the development of cognitive understanding, did better on both examinations than did the students who were exposed to traditional teaching. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.