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ERIC Number: ED034660
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Pages: 85
Abstractor: N/A
Reading Achievement and Its Relationship to Academic Performance. Part I: Reading Deficiency in Elementary School and Relationships to Secondary School Performance.
Lloyd, Dee Norman
The distribution of measured reading achievement in a population of 3,651 sixth-grade students and the relationship of reading deficiency to later achievement and behavior in secondary schools were reported. Reading deficiency was defined as a discrepancy between the level of reading ability expected on the basis of a subject's total mental ability as measured by the California Test of Mental Maturity and the level of actual performance as indicated by the California Achievement Test total reading score. Both tests were administered in the sixth grade during the 1954-55 school year. The discrepancy score was used to define three groups of students: underachievers; average achievers; and overachievers. These groups were compared on concurrent measures of performance, later academic performance, and later behavior and outcome. Underachievers in reading, as a group, were found significantly lower in performance than average or underachievers in other scholastic areas in the sixth grade, and over the subsequent secondary school grades these results were consistent on ratings of performance reflected in grade point averages and on objective test measures. No significant later behavioral differences were noted across groups. Underachievers had the highest attrition rate. Tables, graphs, and references are included. (Author/WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A