ERIC Number: ED034581
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Rate and Uniqueness in Children's Creative Responding.
Ward, William C.
Based on previous studies with college students, this study investigated the hierarchy and creativity of responses in young children. According to the theory of hierarchies, the uncreative person initially produces stereotyped responses and soon runs out of alternatives, while the creative person initially has common ideas but subsequent ideas are more unique. Thirty-four 7- and 8-year-olds, predominantly middle class, with a mean IQ of 115 were the subjects. Three creativity measures, adapted from Wallach and Kogan, were administered and each child's tests were scored for the total number of appropriate ideas given. There were no consistent differences between creative and uncreative children in response rate or overall probability of unique responses. Results indicated that (1) response rate decreased with time, (2) uncommonness of responses increased over successive response positions, and (3) subjects who eventually produced more ideas gave them at a greater rate throughout the task. It is suggested that response hierarchies for creative and uncreative children are identical, but creative children continue to generate responses, many of them unique, after uncreative children cease responding. It is also suggested that personality and motivational variables may affect responses. (DR)
Descriptors: Creativity, Creativity Research, Elementary School Students, Organization, Reaction Time, Responses
American Psychological Association, 1201 17th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 (Division 7, $1.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper is reprinted from the "Proceedings, 77th Annual Convention, APA, 1969," Division 7 which contains 30 pages, 16 presentations