ERIC Number: ED034399
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching Machines and Programmed Instruction. Some Factors to Consider in Implementation. Research Memorandum.
Smith, Robert G., Jr.
Programed instruction is defined here as the use of a set of engineering techniques for applying learning principles in an instructional situation. Military commanders and their staff who may be interested in programed instruction for their training programs are offered a general view of what is involved in automating instruction. The qualification for a potential programer are noted and his training is discussed. Program preparation is described; from the statement of objectives, through the selection of a sequential or branching technique, to the testing phase. Teaching machines, it is noted, are uniquely suited for certain instructional situations, but are too costly for others. The paper lists a set of professional standards for programs and suggests administrative procedures which may enhance the effectiveness of programed instruction. A sample of a sequential program, a branching program, and a bibliography supplement the text. (JY)
Descriptors: Autoinstructional Aids, Automation, Branching, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Technology, Man Machine Systems, Military Training, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Programed Instruction, Programed Instructional Materials, Programing, Sequential Approach, Teaching Machines, Training Methods
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-632 188, MF $.65, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Defense, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Army Air Defense, Fort Bliss, TX. Human Research Unit.