ERIC Number: ED034367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Communication Patterns in Classes for Deaf Students. Final Report.
Craig, William N.; Collins, James L.
To develop a system for making systematic observations of classroom communicative interaction, to provide guidelines for its utilization, and to suggest applications of this system to problems in the development of communication skills, 94 deaf children were directly observed in class interaction. An evaluation instrument was developed from the Flanders system and employed 20 categories and 11 modes of description. Results showed that in all grade levels the majority of communication was teacher initiated, but that at higher levels there was a gradual increase in student response and initiation. Questioning and informing were the two most frequently observed categories used by teachers in both language-dependent and specialized instruction; these categories were also the ones used most frequently by students in initiating communication. The oral mode was predominant at primary and intermediate levels in the day and residential schools in which data was gathered, but non-oral modes increased noticeably on the high school level in the residential school but not in the day school. Suggestions were that this instrument be used in further research in an effort to adjust the behavior of students and teachers. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. School of Education.