ERIC Number: ED034327
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Studies in Reaction to Disability. XII: Structure of Attitudes toward the Physically Disabled; Disability Factor Scales--Amputation, Blindness, Cosmetic Conditions.
Siller, Jerome; And Others
To describe and to develop instruments to measure attitudes toward amputees, the blind, and those with cosmetic conditions, three groups of subjects responded to one of three large pools of items tapping attitudes toward the three disability conditions. Three new groups of about 500 subjects of diverse demographic characteristics were given one of three revised and reduced questionnaires. The returns were factor analyzed and scales were derived from the resulting factors. The seven virtually identical factors which emerged from the amputation and blindness analysis were interaction strain, rejection of intimacy, generalized rejection, authoritarian virtuousness, inferred emotional consequences, distressed identification, and imputed functional limitations. The cosmetic conditions item set contained two factors which were identical (interaction strain, rejection of intimacy); two which were analogous (reluctant aversion and superficial empathy); and two unique dimensions (qualified aversion and proximate offensiveness). A review of related research, and data on each item of the scales are included. (LE)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. School of Education.