ERIC Number: ED033894
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Obstacles to Change: The Westchester Report. Occasional Paper Four, The NDEA National Institute for Advanced Study in Teaching Disadvantaged Youth.
A follow-up study was made of a 1966 summer retraining program designed to increase the range of teacher competencies in dealing with disadvantaged youth within the classroom and teacher understanding of the concerns of parents of disadvantaged youth as a major means of effecting educational change. The 4-week program involved about 150 teachers and supporting personnel in guidance, reading, and administration in a practicum in which four 2-member teams were assigned to each of 20 classes of 15-20 students. Each team planned units of work, observed other teams, taught, evaluated teaching, reviewed display materials and met with parents of children. The follow-up consisted of focused interviews in November 1966 and February 1967 with a representative sample of 72 participants. Findings revealed that many if not all of the plans of the summer had been forgotten under the press of events and that few changes were carried over into the regular year by either teachers or nonclassroom personnel. The insularity of the school from the homes of disadvantaged youth was particularly noteworthy. Implications included these: School structure molds the outlook of school personnel with regard to teaching and learning and with regard to professional relationships--which are governed more by power of hierarchy than by focus on the teaching situation. Retraining should include the regular school program and involve all parties to be affected by proposed changes. (JS)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Innovation, Inservice Teacher Education, Organizational Climate, Parent School Relationship, Practicums, Program Design, Resource Staff, Summer Programs, Teachers, Team Teaching
American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, 1 Dupont Circle, Washington, D.C. 20036 ($0.35 cash)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, Washington, DC.; Ball State Univ., Muncie, IN.