ERIC Number: ED033885
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Reference Count: 0
Approach to Teaching. New Dimensions in Higher Education No. 14.
Hatch, Winslow R.
Robert M. Gagne, Ralph W. Tyler, and Wilbert J. McKeachie, in independently prepared statements made before a summer institute on effective teaching, emphasized that good learning is active rather than passive; stresses the learning of principles; exploits the advantages in newness: exploration of something new, a new practice, a principle learned in a new situation; requires the learner to set high but attainable standards of performance for himself; and is met, in sum, in guided discovery, problem-oriented instruction, or inquiry. Practical implications for college teaching are that (1) exposition and the transmission of fact be minimized, that lectures take the form of one-sided conferences in which the lecturer raises and analyzes problems and orders, augments, and examines the facts acquired by the students through their own reading; (2) instructors not give direction to be followed in the laboratory but allow students to make the observations or do the experiments necessary to get the data required by the problem, that the laboratory be made experimental; (3) in group conferences the students discuss problems, identify the relevant facts and ideas, and fashion their own hypotheses or conclusions under faculty direction; and (4) examinations be used to help students discover how well they understand the subject under discussion and how well they use the methods required in reaching these understandings. (Author/JS)
Descriptors: College Instruction, Discovery Learning, Laboratory Procedures, Learning, Lecture Method, Problem Solving, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Tests
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (FS5.250:50047, $0.20)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.