ERIC Number: ED033727
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Authoritarianism and Censorship: Attitudes and Opinions of Students in the Graduate Library School of Indiana University. A Report of an Exploratory Project Conducted as a Preliminary for a Proposed Nationwide Study of American Public Librarians and Intellectual Freedom.
Busha, Charles H.
This study attempts to measure the attitudes toward intellectual freedom held by a group of future librarians and to correlate these findings with certain syndromes of authoritarianism as reported in "The Authoritarian Personality," by T. W. Adorno, and others (New York, Harper, 1950). The hypothesis is that graduate library students who express approval of or display a tendency to agree with restrictive controls on intellectual freedom will also concur with many of the attitudes characteristic of the authoritarian syndrome. If the hypothesis is correct, those students whose opinions score high on a censorship scale will also score high on the authoritarianism scale (Fascism or F scale). The questionnaire, distributed to students in December, 1968, contained 27 statements about intellectual freedom, book selection, and the role of the librarian interspersed with the 18 questions from the F scale test. The findings of the study support the hypothesis that library school students who show a tendency to agree with restrictive measures on intellectual freedom also agree with attitudes characteristic of the authoritarian syndrome. The study did not reveal that a large number of students agree with either censorship measures or with authoritarian attitudes. A copy of the questionnaire is appended. (Author/CC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.