ERIC Number: ED033371
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
English Influences in the Phonology of Japanese as Spoken in Hawaii.
Kess, Joseph F.
Te Reo: Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand, v10-11 p27-39 1967-68
This study surveys some of the results of linguistic contact between English and Japanee as spoken by monolingual and bilingual individuals of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii. More specifically the aim of the study is (1) to identify and classify those English influences which have been introduced and accepted into Hawaiian Japanese (HJ) and (2) to indicate the extent to which these influences have altered the phonological structure of HJ. A corpus was established in which borrowings were classified according to their degree of assimilation; only those forms designated as partially assimilated (those forms found to be more like Japanese than English in their phonological constituency) were further analyzed and used as a basis for determining the established English phonological influences. These English influences were classified into four major categories: new phonemes, new distributions, clusters, and combinations. In all, 30 influences were found, five in the phonemic inventory and 25 in the phonotactics. Particularly significant are the appearance of consonant clusters and new syllables. The author feels that the great influence of English on the phonology of HJ has resulted in a variety of Japanese which is different from any other, and which may therefore be considered a separate dialect. (Author/FWB)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Consonants, Culture Contact, English, Interference (Language), Japanese, Phonemes, Phonology, Syllables, Vowels
Linguistic Society of New Zealand, c/o University of Auckland, Private Bag, Auckland (U.S. $1.80 per single copy).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A