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ERIC Number: ED033328
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Dec-28
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Paraphrastic Causatives.
Babcock, Sandra Scharff
This paper examines, within the framework of case grammar, the alternant relationship that holds between the simplex in (1) "The thought frightened me" and (2) "The thought made me frightened," and between the simplex in (3) "John trembled with fear" and (4) "Fear made John tremble." It is shown that while the causative paraphrase in (2) is optional, the shape of (4) is determined by subject selection. The effects of this subject choice on the verb are described, and paraphrastic causatives are shown to be formally and semantically distinguished from complex causatives such as "I made John do his homework." The explanatory use of the paraphrastic interpretation is discussed, and rules are provided for the generation of sentences (3) and (4). Finally, it is noted that the explanation of these paraphrase relationships obliges us to revise our criteria for analyzing a sentence as complex in its deep structure. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
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