ERIC Number: ED033118
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
The Teaching of English Composition in American Secondary Schools, 1850-1893.
Judy, Stephen Nelson
During the first half of the 19th century, written composition was seldom taught in American high schools. Speech writing was the only writing required of high school students until the mid 1800's when associationist psychology, with its emphasis on developing thinking habits through systematic, realistic exercise instead of memorization and recitation, began to influence instruction. Although the rules of grammar and rhetoric received primary focus from most educators, new textbooks appeared during the third quarter of the century which were devoted to the study of composition. In 1870, colleges began adding composition requirements to their entrance examinations; but it was not until 1893 with the National Education Association's "Report of the Committee on Secondary School Studies" that most practices recommended by the colleges were given "official" sanction by the educational establishment of the period. (Author/MP)
Descriptors: College School Cooperation, Educational History, English Instruction, Grammar, Logical Thinking, Rhetoric, Secondary Education, Teaching Methods, Textbooks, Writing (Composition), Writing Exercises
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 67-15,256, MF $4.70, Xerography $16.45)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Northwestern University.