ERIC Number: ED033043
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
Reductionistic Inferences in Modern Biology.
The author analyzes the logic of inferences in modern biology which serve as reductionist bridges between the organismic and molecular levels of explanation. He distinguishes pragmatic validity from deductive or inductive validity, and discusses the requirements for validity of pragmatic inferences (which are accepted or rejected in terms of the performances of their premises and conclusions). The development of reductionist bridges between classical and molecular genetics is discussed, using the genetic role of nucleicacids and the co-linearity of genetic and physical structures as examples. The experimental procedures and results that led to inferences in these areas are described and analyzed in terms of the performances of sets of sentences. It is shown that the validity of such inferences is dependent on the compatability of conditions of performances of the sentences. The importance of collateral knowledge in selecting compatable conditions of performance is illustrated. (EB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Georgia Inst. of Tech., Atlanta. School of Information and Computer Science.