ERIC Number: ED032943
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of the Oral Language Patterns of Three Low Socioeconomic Groups of Pupils Entering First Grade.
Silvaroli, Nicholas J.; Whitcomb, Mary Wakefield
The language patterns of low socioeconomic Negro, Spanish-surname, and Anglo children are sufficiently different from the middle class language patterns used in schools to put these children at a distinct educational disadvantage. By comparing the speech patterns of these children, this study sought to determine whether their language development is limited by their economic status or by their ethnic group status. Twenty randomly selected beginning first graders from each of the three ethnic groups were interviewed and recorded at length as they told stories about pictures they were shown. The recordings were analyzed for both patterns and mazes (hesitations, false starts, etc.) on the basis of a simplified form of the Indiana Conference Scheme of Analysis on the First Level. The three groups responded approximately the same on total sentence patterns and all specific sentence patterns except one. They also responded approximately the same for total mazes (tangles of language not effective for communication) and all specific mazes. These results imply that low socioeconomic Negro, Spanish-surname, and Anglo children beginning first grade are aware of and use basic English syntax patterns in approximately the same manner. Differentiated materials are not needed in class as much as exposure to total language developing experiences. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe.