ERIC Number: ED032931
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1966
Figural Creativity, Intelligence, and Personality in Children: A Factor Analytic Study.
Hetrick, Suzanne H.; And Others
To study the relationships among figural creativity, intelligence, and personality, 196 fourth, fifth, and sixth grade boys and girls were given a battery of 14 tests. Teacher ratings of creativity and independence, grade point averages, art grades, and IQ scores were also obtained. It was hypothesized that a unitary trait of "creativity" could be measured. Statistical analysis of the tests resulted in the extraction of nine significant factors. Six of the factors were achievement, adjustment, sex-typing factor for fears, mental ability, intolerance of ambiguity, and self-confidence. Three factors, used as measures of figural creativity, stood as independent traits: the ability to complete the unfinished, the ability to handle complexity, and preference for complexity. Therefore, it is concluded that figural creativity is not a unitary trait. As expected, traditional measures of intelligence and grades were independent of the figural creativity factors, although subjects were of better than average intelligence. Personality variables were independent of two creativity factors: the ability to complete the unfinished and preference for complexity. The third creativity factor, ability to handle complexity, was found in children who were perceptive, happy-go-lucky, and admitted that they had common fears. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH.