ERIC Number: ED032923
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Relative Structural Levels on a Variety of Cognitive Tasks.
Brooks, Ira Mae; Sullivan, Edmund V.
The purpose of this study is to examine the notion of a general structure in child development as seen through consistency in level of the child's response from task to task. It is hypothesized, first, that a child will show an internal orientation if he is in the final stage of development (object relevance); and second, that he will show an external orientation if he is at the first stage (egocentrism). Responses to three types of tasks (moral and causal judgments, and general reasoning) were recorded for 28 boys from grades three, four, and five. Results supported the first hypothesis. Subjects who scored at the high level in general reasoning also scored at the same high level in moral and causal judgment tasks. But subjects scoring low on general reasoning tasks were inconsistent in their level of responses to the other two tasks. Thus, the second hypothesis was not confirmed. Where each task was compared with age, significant results were yielded only for the moral judgment task. Here the older group of boys had significantly higher scores than the younger group. Comparison of the relationship between tasks shows only the relationship between general reasoning and causal judgment to be significant. (JF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto.