ERIC Number: ED032920
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Aug-31
Reference Count: N/A
[The Juniper Gardens Parent Cooperative Nursery.] Final Progress Report for OEO CAP Grant CG-8474 A/O.
Juniper Gardens Children's Project, Kansas City, MO.
Thirty children and their mothers from a poverty area of Kansas City enrolled in a Head Start parent cooperative nursery school. The mothers actively participated in a parent-training program consisting of tutorial training in which a series of lessons designed to teach preacademic concepts and skills to the children was presented to the mothers. In lessons on classroom management the mothers learned to manage pupils and to provide good social learning experiences in group situations. The tutorial curriculum included 150 lessons covering primer level skills. Initially, mother responses to children indicated high rates of inappropriate tutorial behavior. The mothers were then coached to praise correct answers and to help children before they made mistakes. Because these mothers exhibited little skill in maintaining orderly, productive play with groups of children, a "Switching System" was introduced in which boundaries of activity areas were defined and children were required to complete an academic task before moving to another area. As a result, a quiet, well-ordered environment was established. There are indications that behavioral deficits in poor children can be minimized by providing their mothers with limited teaching and management skills using positive reinforcement. (DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC. Community Action Program.
Authoring Institution: Juniper Gardens Children's Project, Kansas City, MO.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test