ERIC Number: ED032895
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Conversion of Retrospective Catalog Records to Machine-Readable Form; A Study of the Feasibility of a National Bibliographic Service.
Rather, John C., Ed.
This report examines (1) the present state of the art of hardware and software applicable to large-scale conversion, storage, and retrieval of retrospective bibliographic information; (2) the organizational and administrative aspects of the task; (3) costs of hardware, software, and manpower; and (4) possible approaches to the timing and funding of the project. The main body of the report examines the various problems involved and explores possible solutions. It is concluded that (1) the MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) service should be expanded to cover all languages and forms of material; (2) conversion for a national bibliographic data base requires standardization of bibliographic content and machine format; and (3) large-scale conversion should be accomplished as a centralized project. Appendices discuss (1) duplication (overlap) in U.S. library collections, (2) actual and planned data conversion activities in selected libraries, (3) a summary of interviews with consultants, (4) the history and future of Library of Congress (LC) catalog records, (5) changes in LC catalog cards, (6) completeness of machine-readable catalog records, (7) format recognition, (8) computer requirements for a national bibliographic service, and (9) staff complement and unit costs. (JM)
Descriptors: Administrative Problems, Cataloging, Citations (References), Computer Programs, Computers, Costs, Databases, Feasibility Studies, Information Processing, Input Output, National Programs
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. (LC 1.2: M 18/5, $2.25).
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Council on Library Resources, Inc., Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.