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ERIC Number: ED032447
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug-31
Pages: 230
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of the Characteristics of Ultrafiche and Its Application to Colleges and Universities. Interim Report.
Kottenstette, James P.
The investigation of ultrafiche technology and its applications in higher education resulted in an unanticipated far-reaching study on the general use of microforms. This occurred when it was found (1) that reader presentations of typical educational materials were of excellent quality throughout the range of reduction ratios investigated, 32x to 150x, and (2) that student reading rate and comprehension when using reader presentations of materials were independent of reduction ratio and essentially equal to that obtained on hardcopy. These developments transformed the study from one exploring "Can a student use an ultrafiche presentation?" to one that asked "Will a student use a microform presentation?""Broad usage on a routine basis" was accepted as the overall application criterion. The study of microform application was approached in two ways. One approach considered library application from the economic and administrative standpoints; the other centered on applications that could have great value to many students, i.e., those consistent with routine usage. In addition to the development of these applications, experiments were undertaken to explore the utility of microform presentation in terms of user performance and user acceptance. An attempt was made to identify the presentation factors operative at the interface of man and machine which create negative attitudes toward the use of microforms, and to organize these factors into a conceptual framework to show both relationships and fundamental considerations for improving acceptance. Two secondary research projects were also conducted during the course of the investigation. In one study, the library at the University of Denver was characterized from the separate viewpoints of the microfiche systems designer and of the microfilming specialist through an analysis of a sample of books. The second study developed a method for evaluating image quality in terms of readability and of visibility. A discussion section in the report integrates the separate studies into a consistent statement on the considerations involved in microform publishing (particularly ultrafiche) for educational applications. Objectives in continuing the overall program are also discussed. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Denver Univ., CO.