ERIC Number: ED032127
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Primary Influences on the Development of Competence: The Development of a Maternal Behavior Scale. Progress Report.
LaCrosse, E. Robert, Jr.
This is a progress report on the development of a maternal behavior scale, one which would reflect both the actual behavior of a mother when confronted by her child's activities and also show the behaviors instigated by the mother in the child's presence. The ultimate goal of the research is to produce a human behavior scale which will record the behavior of the mother, father, other adults, peers, and siblings. In focusing on the competence of maternal behavior, the contributions of the child, the mother, and the environment in interaction were assessed. Observations were made in 30 homes of varied socioeconomic status with children in the 1- to 3-year-old age group. A data collection of about 65 hours of recorded behavior resulted. Units of maternal behavior were constructed from the observation protocols and, after several analyses and revisions, 31 categories of maternal behavior were labeled. Preliminary inter-scorer reliability was 80%. Some of the final behavior categories were (1) rewards with object or promise rewards, (2) praises, and (3) ignores. Comparisons were made to give profiles of maternal behavior. The Maternal Behavior Scale will be used to isolate behaviors for longitudinal studies. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.