ERIC Number: ED032117
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: 0
Understanding Readiness: An Occasional Paper.
Jensen, Arthur R.
Readiness to learn occurs when a child has achieved cumulative learning of component subskills and the developmental maturity necessary to integrate these subskills into the desired skill. Readiness is relative, however, not only to the skill, but also to the technique of instruction. Thus, readiness for learning a particular skill by different techniques may come at different times. Attempting to force instruction on a child who is not ready can cause the child either to learn the skill by a more primitive technique (one which has little transfer value to other learning) or to "turn off" to learning altogether. "Turning off" means extinction or inhibition of behaviors necessary to learning, such as attention and active involvement. Many school learning problems, particularly those of disadvantaged children, might be avoided if more attention were paid to readiness in the primary grades, when the danger of "turning off" because of lack of readiness is greatest. Experimental programs are needed that would actually delay formal instruction (while filling in necessary experiential factors) until readiness is apparent. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.